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Latest Monuments

Tobacco Cutting Factory

The tobacco-cutting factory is found in the area of Aghia Triadha and more specifically at the place where in the first half of the 17th century there was the Monastery of Panaghia Akrotiriani.
Today the stone built wall that runs around it as well as the building itself are listed monuments. The tobacco factory was erected in the 19th century and it has got two floors and three wings roofed with tiles.


Italian School of Archaeology (Albert street)


It is one of the most stylish and interesting buildings of the Balkan architecture in the city.
It was the house of the Turk Mirza Efendi and today it belongs to the Italian School of Archaeology. The building is characterized by architectural and morphological elements of Ottoman-Turkish and Neo-Classical architecture.

The Historical Museum


It has been characterized as a listed historical monument and work of art. It has two floors and it is an excellent example of Neoclassical architecture. On the south side of the building there is a courtyard that is enclosed by a wall of Neoclassical style.
It was built on the site of an earlier mansion in 1870 with plans of L. Kantanzoglou. This then was burnt down and destroyed by the Turks during the events of the 25th August 1898. It was rebuilt in 1903 with plans of K. Tsantiraki that were based on the earlier ones.


The building Efkafi (Evans street)

The building «Efkafi» belongs to the family Miliara and it is one of the first two public Turkish buildings that were built according to the principles of Neoclassical architecture in Heraklion. It was erected around 1878 to roof the Service of Efkafia which was a Turkish Public Service that had in its jurisdiction all the buildings that were offered to Philanthropic establishments.
The building is exceptionally elegant and interesting, an example of the first applications of Neoclassicism in Heraklion, to which a lot of elements of the wide spread Balkan architecture were used.


Building of the family F. Chatzidaki (Zografou and Averof street)


It is an important building of later Neoclassicism. It has two floors with a basement and it is roofed with tiles. Its facade is carefully formed, while the other sides are rather undorned.
Special attention was given to the formation of the middle part of the main facade, where both on the ground and on the first floor there is an architrave with Doric and Ionic columns accordingly, while its end is crowned by a pediment.

«Bon Marche» building of the family A. Polycrati, Ag. Minas 8 street


The well known «Bon Marche» is a private shop that belonged to the sons Housein and Moharem Litsardaki.
It was erected in 1892 in Ag. Minas 8 street and it is a significant example of a Turkish building where elements from the Neoclassical and Balkan architecture have been successfully fused.



Building of the family Kalioraki in Sofokli Venizelou Avenue and Theotokopoulou street.


The building is a fine example of the late Neoclassicism and typical of the late Neoclassicism and typical of the city architecture of the first decades of the 20th century.



106 Plastira street

It is a very interesting stone built building with two floors and tiled roof of the late Neoclassicism and Eclectism.
On the ground flloor the openings are framed by ashlar masonry (stone curved columns). The entrance to the first floor is found at the side of the building.


Manor House of Behi-Sekeria of the family Skevos Blavaki (Apokoronou street)


It is a characteristic example of the balkan architecture with clear neoclassical influence. The size, the structure of the rooms, the variety of the forms of the other parts and the high aesthetic conception establish the building unique in Heraklion.


Building of the family Tsahaki (Thessalonikis street)


This house is one of the most stylish examples of the late «romantique» Neoclassicism.
It was built in the first decade of the 20th. century by the architect D.Kyriakos. Especially interesting is the architectural solution with which the facades of the building have been formed which are laid out in a semi-circular way in the corner where the roads meet.


Building Mavraki, property of «Credit Bank» (7 Stylianou Giamalaki street)

An excellent example of the late Neoclassicism is the building known as «Mavraki House», property of the «Credit Bank». It was probably erected in the second decade of the 20th century in the neighbourhood Retzep Agha no. 167 street, which a little later was called Sfakion street. The first owner Zaharias Ieronymakis bequested it in 1921 to his son Heraklis Ieronymakis who sold it to Emmanouil Pantelakis. He in turn gave it as a dowry at his daughter to the lawyer S.Mavraki in 1948.
The building has all the characteristics of the later Neoclassicism. The formation of the main facades is strictly symmetrical. The main architectural element, which is unique for Heraklion, is the dome like wooden structure of the building. Structures like these, called «Belvedere», were very usual in north Europe. While they were often used in city centres of central and north Greece (Athens, Thessaloniki, Patras) and in luxurious suburbs as Kifissia, they were however rarely found in southern Greece and in the islands.

* The Greek section on the buildings of the 19th. and 20th. century was written by:
K.Koiladi, G.Kolyvakis, K.Lempidaki, N.Papadakis-Chourdakis and Ch. Tsompanaki.
The co-ordinator: Ch.Tsompanaki.

February 1994
Region of Crete, TEE-TAK
· The text was summarised and translated into English by Kalliopi Nikolidaki.

The Chronaki House *

It is a remarkable building of the Balkan architecture with Neoclassical influences and a very interesting internal painted decoration. The arrangement of the rooms is complex, they are around open spaces or semi-open internal ones covered with pebbled floors. The ground floor is stone built as also are parts of the first floor while the rest is wooden. The wood becomes the main structural and morphological element of the whole construction. Especially important are the wooden elements too (ceiling, wardrobes, internal partitions) which are characteristic examples of the architecture and the aesthetic conception of this group of buildings.
The building has been renovated by the Technical Service of the Town Hall (in collaboration with the local Ephorate which is responsible for the recent monuments) and it contains objects of art that appertain to its character and, at the same time, it houses a series of things that have a particular importance to the understanding of the whole cultural physiognomy of the city of Heraklion.

Some of them are:

  • a group of old furniture of Arab-Turkishe origin,
  • maps and sketches of the 17th and the 18th century,
  • a collection of old cards with photos and scenes of the life of Heraklion in the first decades of 20th century,
  • a complete copy of the judicial codes of the Turkish Archive of Heraklion

* the Greek text was written by Mrs. Eirini Vallindra - Schizaki,
Architect of the Heraklion Municipality


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